This resource covers American Sociological Association (ASA) style and includes information about manuscript formatting, in-text citations, formatting the references page, and accepted manuscript writing style. The bibliographical format described here is taken from the American Sociological Association (ASA) Style Guide, 5th edition.
Contributors:Joshua M. Paiz, Deborah L. Coe, Dana Lynn Driscoll
Last Edited: 2017-08-01 03:19:09
Include a separate title page with the full title of the manuscript, authors' names and institutions (listed vertically if there are more than one), and a complete word count of the document (which includes footnotes and references).
A title footnote should include the address of the corresponding author (that is – the author who receives correspondence regarding the article), grants/funding, and additional credits and acknowledgements (for papers for sociology classes, this is often not needed).
If an abstract is needed, it should be on a separate page, immediately after the title page, with the title of the document as the heading.
Do not include author.
The abstract should be one paragraph, 150-200 words in length.
On the same page as the abstract, include a list of three to five words that help to identify main themes in the manuscript.
All text within the document should be in a 12-point font and double spaced (including footnotes), or as specified by journal or course instructor.
Margins should be at least 1 1/4 inches on all sides, or as specified by journal or course instructor.
The first page of the text should start with the title and be on a new page of text (after the title page and abstract).
Use subheadings to organize the body of the manuscript. Usually, three different levels of headings should be sufficient.
THIS IS A FIRST-LEVEL HEAD
- Place first-level heads in all caps and left-justify.
- Don't use a bold font.
- Don't begin the manuscript with a heading, such as Introduction.
This is a Second-Level Head
- Italicize and left-justify second-level heads.
- Don't use a bold font.
- Use title case.
This is a third-level head
- Italicize and left-justify third-level heads.
- Don't use a bold font.
- Capitalize only the first word of the head.
Footnotes and Endnotes
Footnotes and endnotes are used to cite materials of limited availability, expand upon the text, or to add information presented in a table.
Endnotes are used more frequently than footnotes, but both should be used sparingly. As a general rule, use one or the other throughout the manuscript but do not mix them. (The exception to this rule is to use a footnote on the Title page and for tables, but use endnotes throughout the rest of the document for manuscripts being submitted to a sociology journal.)
In the text, footnotes or endnotes, whichever are used, should be numbered consecutively throughout the essay with superscript Arabic numerals.
Footnotes are placed at the bottom of the page on which the material being referenced appears. If using endnotes, at the end of the paper in a separate section following the references, type the endnotes in numerical order, double-spaced, as a separate section with the title Notes or Endnotes.
Begin each note with the same superscripted number used in the text.
8 See the new ASA Style Guide for more information.
Pages should be numbered consecutively (1, 2, 3...) starting with the title page and including the references page(s), or as specified by journal or course instructor.
Tables and Figures
Number tables consecutively (Table 1, Table 2, Table 3).
Number figures consecutively (Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3).
Each table or figure should be placed on a separate page at the end of the manuscript, and should have a descriptive title that explains enough that the reader can understand it without having to refer to the text of the article.
In tables, give full headings for every column and row, avoiding the use of abbreviations whenever possible. Spell out the word percent in headings.
For more information, please consult the ASA Style Guide, Fifth Edition.
In order to write a sociology essay, you should have a good concept of sociology. Whether you’ve studied it or just done some research, understanding sociology is essential to creating a quality essay on the topic. Your essay should contain plenty of sources, all reputable, to prove your points.
The study of sociology is a fascinating one and there are many areas you can write about. Choose from one of the sociology essay topics and start doing the research. It takes time to plan a good essay, so give yourself as much time as possible. It’s always best to start on the assignment as quickly as possible so you have time to do a good job on it.
Sociology Essay Introduction
The pre-writing phase of creating an essay involves doing a lot of research. Check out the various sociological theories out there and choose a theme for your essay. You should collect information for the essay from sources that are trustworthy and create an outline for your paper.
An outline can be very useful in helping you format your essay and keep it all organized. The best papers are orderly and flow well, thanks to being organized before being written. Once you’re done this part, you can begin the essay by writing an introduction paragraph.
The first paragraph in the essay needs to state the point of the entire paper. This is your thesis statement and it will be the foundation for the rest of the work. Once you have this down, let the reader know what to expect from your essay and then begin to write it.
Sociology Essay Technique
The body of your sociology essay should cover all the claims that support your thesis statement from the first paragraph. Each paragraph will have its own mini-thesis statement and then fill out information around that. Use expert quotes and reputable information from valued sources to provide your readers with the facts and to steer them in the right direction.
While an essay may be any length, most are five paragraphs in total, with three paragraphs making up the body, plus the introduction and conclusion. Make those center paragraphs count by filling them with useful information for your readers.
The entire sociology essay should flow easily, with transitions from one paragraph to the next. You have a long list of sociology essay topics to choose from, so be careful to focus on just one. Using the essay will help you stick to the main points. Remember that the entire body is designed to support the thesis statement.
Sociology Essay Conclusion
The end of the sociology essay will go over the main points from the essay and will contain the thesis statement reworded. While it should only be a few sentences long, the conclusion is the most important part of the essay. It gives you one last chance to make your point and to make your essay memorable. Keep this in mind as you write. Check out some sociology essay examples to learn what makes a strong finish.
Finally, you need to proofread the entire sociology essay. It’s very common to make spelling mistakes or mix up your grammar while you’re focused on creating great content. Sometimes, coming back to the essay after a day or two will help you see the mistakes more clearly and allow you to catch any issues with flow, as well. Rewrite any awkward parts so the whole essay is cohesive and understandable. It can be helpful to have someone else read through it, as well, since fresh eyes will catch new mistakes.