ACM IN-TEXT CITATION STYLE
The in-text citation style is as follows: For parenthetical citations we enclose the number of the reference, thus: . Sequential parenthetical citations are enclosed in square brackets and separated by commas, thus [1, 2]. When a citation is part of a sentence, the name of the author is NOT enclosed in brackets, but the year is: "So we see that Burando et al. ..."
SPECIAL NOTE ABOUT REFERENCE FORMATS
Reference linking and citation counts are facilitated by use of these standard reference formats. Please adhere to the reference formats that we use for ACM publications. If you do not, and your paper is accepted, it will be returned to you for proper formatting.
By using your BibTeX (.bib) file with the appropriate .bst file (ACM Reference Format) your references should require minimum editing.
Here are examples of the most common reference types formatted for ACM journals.
Note: For BibTeX examples see: http://www.acm.org/publications/authors/bibtex-formatting
For a paginated article in a journal:
 Patricia S. Abril and Robert Plant. 2007. The patent holder's dilemma: Buy, sell, or troll? Commun. ACM 50, 1 (Jan. 2007), 36-44. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1145/1188913.1188915
For an enumerated article in a journal:
 Sarah Cohen, Werner Nutt, and Yehoshua Sagic. 2007. Deciding equivalences among conjunctive aggregate queries. J. ACM 54, 2, Article 5 (April 2007), 50 pages. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1145/1219092.1219093
For a monograph (whole book):
 David Kosiur. 2001. Understanding Policy-Based Networking (2nd. ed.). Wiley, New York, NY.
For a divisible book (anthology or compilation):
 Ian Editor (Ed.). 2007. The title of book one (1st. ed.). The name of the series one, Vol. 9. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-09237-4
For a multi-volume work (as a book):
 Donald E. Knuth. 1997. The Art of Computer Programming, Vol. 1: Fundamental Algorithms (3rd. ed.). Addison Wesley Longman Publishing Co., Inc.
For a (paginated proceedings) article in a conference proceedings (conference, symposium or workshop):
 Sten Andler. 1979. Predicate path expressions. In Proceedings of the 6th. ACM SIGACT-SIGPLAN Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages (POPL '79). ACM Press, New York, NY, 226-236. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1145/567752.567774
For a Patent:
 Joseph Scientist. 2009. The fountain of youth. (Aug. 2009). Patent No. 12345, Filed July 1st., 2008, Issued Aug. 9th., 2009.
For an informally published work (such as some technical reports and dissertations):
 David Harel. 1978. LOGICS of Programs: AXIOMATICS and DESCRIPTIVE POWER. MIT Research Lab Technical Report TR-200. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA.
 Kenneth L. Clarkson. 1985. Algorithms for Closest-Point Problems (Computational Geometry). Ph.D. Dissertation. Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA. UMI Order Number: AAT 8506171.
 David A. Anisi. 2003. Optimal Motion Control of a Ground Vehicle. Master's thesis. Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden.
For an online document/WWW resource: Website year can be found at the bottom of the website page or by viewing page properties/source to see when the page was last modified.
 Harry Thornburg. 2001. Introduction to Bayesian Statistics. (March 2001). Retrieved March 2, 2005 from http://ccrma.stanford.edu/~jos/bayes/bayes.html
 ACM. Association for Computing Machinery: Advancing Computing as a Science & Profession. Retrieved from http://www.acm.org/.
 Wikipedia. 2017. WikipediA: the Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.wikipedia.org/.
For a Video (two examples):
 Dave Novak. 2003. Solder man. Video. In ACM SIGGRAPH 2003 Video Review on Animation theater Program: Part I - Vol. 145 (July 27-27, 2003). ACM Press, New York, NY, 4. DOI:https://doi.org/99.9999/woot07-S422
 Barack Obama. 2008. A more perfect union. Video. (5 March 2008). Retrieved March 21, 2008 from http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=6528042696351994555
 Martha Constantinou. 2016. New physics searches from nucleon matrix elements in lattice QCD. arXiv:1701.00133. Retrieved from https://arxiv.org/abs/1701.00133
Manuscripts accepted for publication in any of ACM publications must be formatted using the ACM authoring template. Articles published in ACM journals and transactions are prepared for both print and digital display in the ACM Digital Library. The instructions contained herein are meant to make the process of manuscript preparation as straightforward as possible. We accept submission in either LaTeX or MS Word format.
ACM style files will very closely approximate the final output, enabling authors to judge the page-length of their published articles. However, your output is not "camera-ready copy." Your paper will be copy edited according to the Chicago Manual of Style and the Merriam Webster Dictionary, then typeset, and proofs will be sent to you for final approval.
ACM Master Template
The official 2017 ACM Master article template, consolidates 8 individual ACM journal and ACM Proceedings. The master template is now available in the following formats*: (last update February. 9, 2018)
Before using the 2017 ACM consolidated LaTeX article template, everyone should read the TeX User Guide which comprises the first section of the document; authors who plan to use their own packages should read the longer TeX Implementation Guide which follows.
Authors using Word for Windows, will need to read the Word for Windows User Guide. We have created video documentation to help you through tagging document header, body, and references. We've also provided a video which walks you through the template validation process.
Authors using Word for Mac 2011 will need to read the Word for Mac2011 User Guide. We have created video documentation to help you through tagging document header, body, and references. We've also provided a video which walks you through the template validation process.
Authors using Word for Mac 2016 will need to read the Word for Mac2016 User Guide. We have created video documentation to help you through tagging document header, body, and references. We've also provided a video which walks you through the template validation process.
This new consolidated template package replaces all previous independent class files and packages and provides a single up-to-date LATEX package with optional calls.. The package uses only free TEX packages and fonts included in TEXLive, MikTEX and other popular TEX distributions. Fonts used in the template cannot be substituted; margin adjustments are not allowed.
The new LaTeX package incorporates updated versions of the following ACM templates:
- ACM Journals: ACM Small, ACM Large, ACM and TOG (also for SIGGRAPH authors publishing in TOG)
ACM proceedings templates: ACM Standard, SIGCHI, SIGCHI abstracts, and SIGPLAN
NOTE: All ACM journals use the acmsmall template with the following exceptions:
acmlarge - Large single column format, used for IMWUT, JOCCH, PACMHCI, TAP
acmtog - Large double column format, used for TOG
NOTE: Most proceedings authors will use the "sigconf" proceedings template. If you are unsure which template variant to use, please request clarification from your event or publication contact.
The new templates enable you to import required indexing concepts for your article from the ACM Computing Classification System (CCS) using an indexing support tool found in the ACM Digital Library (DL) which generates the necessary TeX code once you have selected your terms (and generates XML for Word documents).
It is important to provide the proper indexing information from the ACM Computing Classification System (CCS). Accurate semantic tagging provides a reader with quick content reference; facilitates the DL search for related literature; enables several DL topic functions such as aggregated SIG and journal coverage areas; and helps ACM promote your work in other online resources.
LaTeX Collaborative Authoring Tool on Overleaf Platform
ACM has partnered with Overleaf, a free cloud-based, collaborative authoring tool, to provide an ACM LaTeX authoring template.
- Overleaf is a collaborative platform: Authors can easily invite colleagues to collaborate on their document.
- Authors can write using 'Rich Text mode' or regular 'Source Mode.' This is useful for cross-disciplinary collaboration in the cases where some authors prefer to write in LaTeX while others might prefer a word processing format.
- The platform automatically compiles the document while an author writes, so the author can see what the finished file will look like in real time.
- The template allows authors to submit manuscripts easily to ACMfrom within the Overleaf platform.
The ACM LaTeX template on Overleaf platform is available to all ACM authors here
ACM Accessibility Recommendations for Publishing in Color
The most accessible approach would be to ensure that your article is still readable when printed in greyscale. The most notable reasons for this are:
- The most common type of inherited Color Vision Deficiency (CVD) is red-green (in which similar-brightness colors that only differ in their amounts of red or green are often confused), and it affects up to 8% of males and 0.5% of females of Northern European descent.
- The most common type of acquired Color Vision Deficiency (CVD) is blue-yellow (including mild cases for many older adults).
- Most printing is in Black & White.
- Situational impairments (e.g., bright sunlight shining on a mobile screen) tend to reduce the entire color gamut, reducing color discriminability.
NOTE: It is NOT safe to encode information using only variations in color (i.e., only differences in hue and/or saturation), as there is bound to be someone affected!
To ensure that you are using the most accessible colors, ACM recommends that you choose sets of colors to help ensure suitable variations in Black & White using either of the following tools:
- ColourBrewer: http://colorbrewer2.org/
- ACE: The Accessible Colour Evaluator: http://daprlab.com/ace/ for designing WCAG 2.0 compliant palettes.
If you have LaTeX-specific questions please review the User and Implementation Guide first.
ACM is happy to provide authors working with LATEX class and Word files technical help. Please direct your technical query to: firstname.lastname@example.org
All email queries will be responded to within 24 hours.
Notice to authors: The 2014-2015 ACM Journals article templates ceased to be supported as of Spring 2017. All ACM authors submitting articles now should use the new template for your next submission.
Special Note About Reference Formats
Reference linking and citation counts are facilitated by use of standard reference formats. Please adhere to the in-text citation style and reference format guidelines that we use for ACM publications. If you do not, your paper may be returned to you for proper formatting.
Note: For BibTeX examples see: http://www.acm.org/publications/authors/bibtex-formatting
Supplemental Online-only Material
Please provide a brief description of your supplementary online-only material (i.e., text and multimedia material) to be published in the Digital Library. A short "readme.txt" file will appear in the DL along with your supplementary material describing its content and whatever requirements there are for using it.
Peer Review System
ACM uses two manuscript tracking systems. The following journals use Aries' Editorial Manager: TEAC, TOCT and TOPC. The submission websites are: http://www.editorialmanager.com/teac/, http://www.editorialmanager.com/toct/ or http://www.editorialmanager.com/topc/
All other ACM journals use ScholarOne's Manuscript Central system to handle their submissions: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/acm
ACM has partnered with International Science Editing (ISE) to provide language editing services to ACM authors. ISE offers a comprehensive range of services for authors including standard and premium English language editing, as well as illustration and translation services, and also has significant outreach in China. Editing is available for both Word and LaTeX files. As an ACM author, you will receive a generous discount on ISE editing services.To take advantage of this partnership, visit http://acm.internationalscienceediting.com/. (Editing services are at author expense and do not guarantee publication of a manuscript.)
Fair Use Guidance
ACM offers Fair Use Guidelines at http://www.acm.org/publications/guidance-for-authors-on-fair-use.
When preparing your files for production using the ACM template, you should insert a rights management and bibstrip text block in your source file. You will receive this text block upon acceptance of your paper and after you have selected your rights via the ACM rights management system. If you have submitted your source files for production before receiving this text from the automated rights system, the ACM production team will insert it for you.
There are no fees to submit or to publish an article in an ACM journal. However, there is an article processing charge (APC) to publish a paper as open access (OA), should you choose to do so. The OA fee structure may be found in the FAQ section of the ACM Author Rights information page.
Last Modified March 1, 2018 by Craig Rodkin